Thursday, February 24, 2011

World Largest Diamonds of the World

1. KOH-I-NOOR ("Mountain of Light"):

Koh-i-noor is one of the world’s largest diamonds, it weighed in at 186 carats when it was first discovered *in 1304*. This oval shaped cut stone is believed to have been set in the famous  peacock throne of Shah Jehan. Recut during the reign of Queen Victoria it now weighs 108 carats and forms part of the British Crown Jewels.

2. Cullinan I The Star of Africa
Cullinan I, the Star of Africa is the largest diamond in the world:
Cullinan I - also known as The Star of Africa was named after Sir Thomas Cullinan, owner of the mining company, and currently claims the title of largest cut diamond in the world.Of all the worlds largest diamonds Cullinan I is the largest. It was cut by Asscher in Amsterdam, weighs 530.20carats,and has 74 facets. The Cullinan now resides in the Tower of London and is set in the sceptre of King Edward VII.

3. The Excelsior – world’s second largest diamond:
The Excelsior *which means higher* is not only one of the worlds largest diamonds it is the second largest diamond ever found. It originally weighed 995.2 carats. The diamond was cut into ten pieces, the three largest weighing 158, 147and 130 carats. These pieces were then cut into 21 gems ranging from70 carats to less than 1 carat. An African mine worker found the diamond as he was loading his truck, he kept the find secret until he could safely turn it over to the mine manager who rewarded him with some money, a horse and a saddle.

4. Orloff the world’s third largest diamond:

Orloff - the worlds third largest cut diamond weighs 194 carats. It was once one of the eyes of the idol Sheringham,  in the temple of Brahma, later it was acquired by the Shah Nadir who desired to own one of the worlds largest diamonds In 1775 it was given to Catherine II. of Russia by Grigori Orloff, one of her ex-lovers, and has been called the Orloff  since then.

  5. The Great Mogul:

The Great Mogul is one of the world’s largest diamonds. The rough diamond was discovered in the 17thcentury, weighed 793 carats and was named after Shah Jehan... builder of the Taj Mahal.
6.The Idols Eye large diamond:
The Idols Eye is a famous pear shaped diamond,its polished size weighing in at 70.20 carats makes it one of the worlds largest diamonds. The name of the stone comes from the legend claiming that the Sheik of Kahmir stoleit from an idols eye to pay the Sultan of Turkey a ransom
for Princess Rasheetah.

7. Sefadu one of the world’s largest diamonds:
Sefadu was found in Sierra Leonne in 1970 and is owned by American diamond company Lazare  Kaplan.The uncut stone weighs 620 carats which easily makes it one of the world’s largest diamonds.

8. Centenary -

One of the world’s largest diamonds The Centenary, was discovered at the Premier Mine of South Africa on the 17th of July 1986 and joined the ranks of the world’s largest diamonds, it weighed in at 599.10 carats in rough form. Master-cutterGabi Tolkowsky took almost three years to complete its transformation into the world's largest, modern-cut flawless diamond. The Centenary has 75 facets on top, 89 on the bottom and 83 on the girdle, for a total of 247 facets. It weighs 273.85 carats and now forms part of the British Crown Jewels.
9. Premier Rose
One of the world’s largest diamonds The Premier Rose became one of the worlds largest diamonds when it was discovered in 1978. The diamond weighed 353.9 carats and was cut into three diamonds known as the Premier Rose family. All of them qualify to be one of the worlds largest diamonds. The largest of the three kept the name Premier Rose and now weighs 137.02carats, is cut with 189 facets, and is the second largest pear shaped diamond in the world. It was sold in 1979 for$10,000,000.00.

10. The Regent -

One of the world’s largest diamonds The Regent another of the worlds largest diamonds was discovered in 1701 by an Indian slave near Golconda, it weighed 410carats in the rough. Once owned by William Pitt, the English Prime Minister, it was cut into a cushion shaped brilliant of 140.50carats and, until it was sold to the Duke of Orleans, Regent of France when Louis XV was a boy in 1717, was called The Pitt. It was then renamed The Regent and set in the crown Louis XV wore at his coronation. After the French revolution, it was owned by Napoleon Bonaparte who set it in the hilt of his sword. It is now on display in the Louvre as one of the worlds largest diamonds.

11. The Blue Hope -

One of the world’s largest diamonds The Blue Hope another of the worlds largest diamonds was once owned by Louis XIV and officially designated the *blue diamond of the crown*. It was stolen during the French Revolution but showed up again in 1830 and was bought by Henry Philip Hope of London, the diamond was named after the new owner. The Blue Hope Diamond is believed to carry a curse, two of the owners had their  entire family die just one year apart. It now resides in the Smithsonian in Washington where it is recognized as one of  the world’s largest diamonds.

12. The Sancy -

One of the worlds largest diamonds The Sancy is named after one of its owners Seigneur de Sancy, a French Ambassador to Turkey in the late 16th century. It was first owned by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who lost it in battle in1477. He loaned it to the French king, Henry III, who wore it in The cap with which he concealed his baldness. Henry IV of France Also borrowed the stone from  Sancy, but it was sold in 1664 to James I of England. In 1688, James II, King of England, fled with it to Paris and it has never been found since. The  Sancy weighed 55 carats making it one of the smallest of the worlds largest diamonds.

13. Taylor Burton -
One of the world’s largest diamonds The Taylor-Burton diamond was found in the Premier mine in1966, the rough stone weighed 240.80 carats. The famous diamond was purchased by Harry Winston who commissioned the stone cleaved into two pieces, the larger piece weighed 162 carats and was eventually cut into a pear shaped 69.42 carat diamond. It was later auctioned for$1,050,000 and named the "Cartier". The diamond was then purchased by Richard Burton and given to Elizabeth Taylor and renamed  the Taylor-Burton. In 1978, following her divorce from Richard Burton, Elizabeth put one of the worlds largest diamonds up for sale to raise funds for a hospital in Botswana. The current owner is Robert Mouawad, President of the Mouawad Group.

No comments:

Post a Comment